The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review. Consisting of the Chief Justice of India and 30 sanctioned other judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.
|Established||1 October 1937 (as Federal Court Of India) 28 January 1950 (as Supreme Court of India|
|Location||Tilak Marg, New Delhi, Delhi|
|Motto||यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः॥ (IAST: Yato Dharmastato Jayaḥ) Where there is truth (dharma), there is victory (justice)|
|Composition method||Collegium System|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Judge term length||Mandatory retirement at 65 years of age|
|No. of positions||34(33+1) (Sanctioned strength) 34(33+1) (Present strength)|
|Chief Justice Of India|
|Since||3 October 2018|
|Lead position ends||17 November 2019|
As the final court of appeal of the country, it takes up appeals primarily against verdicts of the high courts of various states of the Union and other courts and tribunals. It safeguards fundamental rights of citizens and settles disputes between various governments in the country. As an advisory court, it hears matters which may specifically be referred to it under the constitution by the President of India. It also may take cognisance of matters on its own (or suo moto), without anyone drawing its attention to them. The law declared by the supreme court becomes binding on all courts within India and also by the union and state governments.As per Article 142, it is the duty of the president to enforce the decrees of the supreme court.