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Latin And English Maxims

(A - D)

1. Accessorium non ducit sed sequitur suum principale.

The accessory does not lead but follows its principal.

2. Actio personalis moritur cum persona.

A personal right of action dies with the person.

3. Actus curiae neminem gravabit.

An act of the court; hurts no one.

4. Actus Dei vel legis nemini facit injuriam.

The act of God or of law is prejudicial to no one.

5. Actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea.

The act itself does not constitute guilt unless done with a guilty intent.

6. Ad ea quse frequentius accidunt jura adaptantur.

The laws are adapted to those cases which most frequently occur.

7. Ad qusestionem facti non respondent judices ; ad qusestionem juris non respondent juratores.

To questions of fact judges do not answer: to questions of law the jury do not answer.

8. Alienatio rei prsefertur juri accrescendi.

Alienation of property is favored by the law rather than accumulation.

9. Allegans contraria non est audiendus.

Contrary allegations are not to be heard.

10. Ambiguitas verborum latens verificatione suppletur; nam quod ex facto oritur ambiguum verificatione facti tollitur.

Latent ambiguity of words may be supplied by evidence ; for ambiguity arising upon the deed is removed by proof of the deed.

11. Argamentum ab inconvenienti plurimum valet in lege.

An argument from inconvenience avails much in law.

12. Assignatus utitur jure auctoris.

That which is assigned takes with it for its use the rights of the assignor.

13. Benigne faciendse sunt interpretationes, propter simplicitatem laico- rum, ut res magis valeat quam pereat ; et verba intention!, non e contra, debent inservire.

Liberal constructions of written documents are to be made, because of the simplicity of the laity, and with a view to carry out the intention of the parties and uphold the document ; and words ought to be made subservient, not contrary to the intention.

14. Boni jndicis est ampliare jurisdictionem.

A good judge will, -when necessary, extend the limits of his jurisdiction.

15. Caveat emptor; qui ignorare non debuit quod jus alienum emit.

Let a purchaser beware; no one ought in ignorance to buy that which is the right of another.

16. Certum est quod certum reddi potest.

That is certain which is able to be rendered certain.

17. Cessante ratione legis, cessat ipsa lex.

The reason of the law ceasing, the law itself ceases.

18. Communis error facit jus.

Common error makes right.

19. Consensus non concubitus facit matrimonium: et consentire non pos- sunt ante annos nubiles.

Consent, and not concubinage, constitutes marriage; and they are not able to consent before marriageable years.

20. Consensus toilet errorem.

Consent takes away error.

21. Contemporanea expositio est optima et fortissima in lege.

A contemporaneous exposition is the best and strongest in law.

22. Cuicunque aliquis quid concedit, concedere videtur et id sine quo res ipsa esse non potuit.

The grantor of anything to another grants that also without which the thing granted would be useless.

23. Cuilibet in sua arte perito est credendum. Whosoever is skilled in his profession is to be believed.

24. Cujus est solum, ejus est usque ad coelum ; et ad inferos.

Whose is the land, his is also that which is above and below it.

25. Cum duo inter se pugnantia reperiuntur in testamento, ultimum ratum est.

Where two clauses in a will are repugnant one to the other, the last in order shall prevail.

26. Cursus curiae est lex curiae. The practice of the court is the law of the court.

27. De fide et officio jndicis non recipitur qusestio ; sed de scientia, sive error sit juris aut facti. Of the good faith and intention of a judge, a question cannot be entertained ; but it is otherwise as to his knowledge or error, be it in law or in fact.

28. De minimis non curat lex.

Of trifles the law does not concern itself.

29. De non apparentibus, et non existentibus, eadem est ratio.

Of things which do not appear and things which do not exist, the rule in legal proceedings is the same.

30. Dies Dominicus non est juridicus.

The Lord's day (Sunday) is not juridical, or a day for legal proceedings.

31. Domus sua quique est tutissimum refugium

To every one, his house is his surest refuge ; or, every man's house is his castle.

(E - I)

(J - N )

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