The law relating to labour in India deals mainly with the regulation of the contract of employment under which the servant, or the employee, undertakes to work for his master, or the employer, for hire or reward. Under the concepts of law, which, under British rule, were imported into India from the common law of England, this relationship was treated mainly as a contractual relationship. The Indian Contract Act, 1872 is based mainly on the law of contract as interpreted by courts of law in England. In interpreting the provisions of this Act, the courts in India borrowed heavily from the case law of English courts.
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