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Definition of Cyber Crime

The Indian Legislature doesn’t provide the exact definition of Cyber crime in any statute, even the Information Technology Act, 2000; which deals with cyber crime doesn’t defined the term of cyber crime. However in general the term cybercrime means any illegal activity which is carried over or with the help of internet or computers.

Dr. Debarati Halder and Dr. K. Jaishankar define cybercrimes as: “Offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm, or loss, to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS)

We do not have any precise definition of cyber crime; however following is the general definitions of term cyber crime:

The oxford Dictionary defined the term cyber crime as “Criminal activities carried out by means of computers or the Internet.

Cyber crime may be said to be those species, of which, genus is the conventional crime, and where either the computer is an object or subject of the conduct constituting crime. Cyber crime means any criminal or other offence that is facilitated by or involves the use of electronic communications or information systems, including any device or the Internet or any one or more of them.

Professor S.T. Viswanathan has given three definitions in his book The Indian Cyber Laws with Cyber Glossary is as follows:

  1. Any illegal action in which a computer is the tool or object of the crime i.e. any crime, the means or purpose of which is to influence the function of a computer.
  2. Any incident associated with computer technology in which a victim suffered or could have suffered loss and a perpetrator, by intention, made or could have made a gain,
  3. Computer abuse is considered as any illegal, unethical or unauthorized behavior relating to the automatic processing and transmission of data.

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